Agencies and Legislation
The ILO is recognized as the world’s foremost expert on issues pertaining to forced labor. The two conventions created to address forced labor include:
- C29 Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (177 ratifications, US has not ratified)
- C105 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (174 ratifications, US has ratified)
These two conventions are two of the eight “core conventions” that are considered universal rights and apply to all people in all States, regardless of the level of economic development. Therefore, all countries are expected to ratify and implement them.
Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking (OCFT)
Created in 1993, the OCFT office supports the U.S. government’s labor and foreign policy objectives, meets congressional mandates, and performs public outreach by providing information on child labor, forced labor, and human trafficking, and promoting the elimination of the worst forms of child labor.
In September 2012, President Obama released this Executive Order (EO) detailing renewed efforts by the federal government to combat trafficking affiliated with products or services purchased by the U.S. Government. In conjunction with this EO, the Obama Administration announced the Partnership for Freedom to promote the development of new and innovative solutions to human trafficking.
During the 2011-2012 session, Congress introduced a bill (H.R. 2759) that would require companies with greater than $100 million in revenue to publicly report company efforts to combat slavery and would unify state laws on businesses and trafficking. While this bill did not pass, it will likely be reintroduced in the future. A fact sheet can be found on the ATEST website.
TVPRA supports efforts both nationally and internationally to combat forced labor by strengthening laws regarding prosecution of trafficking perpetrators, providing services to survivors, and developing new anti-slavery programs. Initially passed into law in 2000, it was reauthorized in 2013.