New Year’s is a time to make resolutions to commit to actions that improve the world around us. Intel spoke with industry leaders, student groups, and other advocates to see what they’re planning to do in 2015 to keep consumer products conflict-free. Patricia Jurewicz, Director of Responsible Sourcing Network, offers her resolutions to help rid global supply chains of conflict minerals.
Read our updates to learn more about RSN’s work.
More and more people have heard of conflict minerals, the ore extracted from the ground via unsafe and abusive labor conditions financing violent rebel groups and militias. However, few people fully understand quite how prevalent conflict minerals like tin, tantalum, tungsten, and gold actually are in our consumer goods.
With this animated video commissioned by Intel and presented by Vice, we hope consumers can become more aware of the connection - and the responsibility - each one of us has to promoting peace and safety across the globe.
If you have the choice, please use your shopping dollars to support the participants of the DRC Conflict-Free Multi-Stakeholder Group. We are all working to make a difference for the people of the Congo and we need you to do your part as well!
As one of our corporate colleagues said recently, “We need concrete tools to assist the industry in avoiding raw materials tainted with forced labor. It is extremely difficult to do it all on our own.”
She’s right. We all want to see corporations completely eliminate slavery and violent human rights abuses from their supply chains, but the complexity of global commodity trading and lack of transparency makes it hard for them to do it on their own.
But with 35.8 million slaves recently listed on the Global Slavery Index, there is an urgent need to build the systems and tools that WILL make it possible - systems built in a credible and transparent way that gives confidence to consumers, investors, and companies.
Help us establish and expand slave-free sourcing tools, with your year-end gift to Responsible Sourcing Network.
Your year-end giving to Responsible Sourcing Network is more important this year than ever. In addition to our core programs in conflict minerals and anti-slavery sourcing, we have one of the most exciting projects in our history in the works: creating a Slave-free Spinner Verification tool for the cotton apparel industry. We intend to build an industry-wide initiative to drive the market away from cotton picked with slave labor.
In addition to establishing the Slave-free Spinner Verification initiative, we’re also:
- Upping the bar on conflict minerals SEC disclosures by publishing a report on the leader and laggard companies’ first year conflict mineral reporting
- Encouraging more companies and their suppliers to participate in the Conflict-Free Sourcing Initiative and Conflict-Free Smelter Program
- Coordinating multi-stakeholders around harmonizing international conflict mineral regulation
Help us encourage transparent and accountable sourcing with your year-end gift to Responsible Sourcing Network.
We are moving the needle on these issues. The progress we make is the result of long-term engagement, and crafting and implementing concrete solutions. Please give generously, to help us end slavery and create economic prosperity in the world’s most vulnerable communities.
| Andrew Behar
Chief Executive Officer
As You Sow
| Patricia Jurewicz
Responsible Sourcing Network
This post originally appeared as an op-ed in the Huffington Post.
IMAGE: Conflict Free Sourcing Initiative
Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Consumer Protection and Wall Street Reform Act — “the conflict minerals” clause — has attracted controversy concerning its effects on the ground in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the broader region whose conflicts the law intends to allay. Section 1502 was never intended as a stand-alone policy to bring peace and prosperity to Congo after two decades of conflict. The law has resulted in unintended consequences that must be addressed directly and urgently, yet the law has become a positive catalyst for change in the African Great Lakes.
The central criticism of the law is that it promotes an embargo — or at least steep price cuts — on minerals from the region. It is true that individuals and local economies have felt the sting of western companies’ policies to require minerals that come from Congo, Rwanda, and the region to prove that they originate from conflict-free mines.
This obstacle must be overcome to break the link between minerals trade and war. There is a significant reform process that is beginning to transform the minerals trade in Congo and move the region from a war economy to a peaceful trading zone. But we must not stop there — we also must join forces to help those temporarily displaced by the journey toward a stable and economically attractive Congo.
These challenges are starting to be addressed by forward-thinking companies, international donors, civil society, and governments. Collaborative groups like the Public Private Alliance for Responsible Minerals, the Conflict-Free Sourcing Initiative (CFSI)* and the DRC Multi-Stakeholder Group.
There are real signs of progress on the ground: for the first time ever, DRC has validated 125 mines as conflict-free**, and the plan is to triple that number over the next year, with funding from a U.S. government-supported project. In stark contrast to five years ago, three-quarters of the miners of tin, tantalum, and tungsten are now working in areas free of armed groups, according to a recent independent study***. Those minerals were previously major sources of income for warlords such as Bosco Ntaganda “The Terminator” who is now on trial for war crimes. While the illicit gold trade is still a significant problem, the law has already helped to make life safer for thousands of people.
Another benefit of the law is supply chain transparency. Each of the 1,315 companies that reported on conflict minerals last year under Dodd-Frank rules mapped its supply chain all the way back to mineral smelters, the critical choke point in supply chains. As of December 7, 2014, 125 smelters have gone through rigorous CFSI conflict-free audits. As a result, companies not only have a better understanding of their supply chains, they now have the capacity to responsibly manage mineral sourcing decisions. Public reporting has also inspired a new level of conscious consumerism. While conflict minerals was once an obscure issue, conflict-free electronics and jewelry are now being marketed.
But more must be done. The Congolese, Rwandan, and regional governments must implement good governance at all levels of the mining sector and expand minerals certification. Donors including the World Bank, European Union, and others must contribute much more to livelihood projects in mining communities. Businesses must support responsible sourcing from the region. Investors must communicate responsible mineral sourcing expectations to companies in their portfolios and invest in the region. Civil society must oversee the progress and play the whistleblower when needed.
With a coordinated, focused approach among all stakeholders, Dodd-Frank will fulfill its potential of diminishing conflict while building a viable minerals sector in Congo that will assure its economic success.
This piece was written by Representatives of the DRC Multi-Stakeholder Group:
- Tim Mohin, Director of Corporate Responsibility, AMD and Chairman, Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC)
- Bennett Freeman, Senior Vice President of Sustainability Research and Policy, Calvert Investments
- Patricia Jurewicz, Director, Responsible Sourcing Network
Additional sources cited above include:
*CFSI is an initiative of the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC) and the Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI).
**In November 2014 at the OECD meeting in Kinshasa, DRC, representatives from the Congolese Ministry of Mines stated that 125 mines have been validated as conflict-free.
***With contributions from Congolese mining cadastre (CAMI), mining service SAESSCAM, and representatives from local civil society organisations, European NGO IPIS visited mines an analyzed the security situation throughout the DRC. Results were published as a report and an interactive map in May 2014.
IMAGE: Uzbek German Forum
With the 2014 Uzbek Cotton Harvest officially over, activists have begun to analyze the crisis. In this audio recording accompanied by photos from the harvest, Umida Niyazova of the Uzbek-German Forum (UGF), with the support of Matt Fischer-Daly of the Cotton Campaign, conveys data and stories from the 2014 harvest and talks about how it differs from last year.
In a nut shell: child labor decreased, forced labor of 17+ year-olds increased, corruption continued to be rampant, and transparency remained non-existent.
This year millions of Uzbek citizens were again forced to labor in cotton fields as late as November in order to escape the fees, foreclosures, expulsions, and beatings that befall those who don’t meet government-mandated quotas.
Thanks to pressure from the international community, including the boycott of Uzbek cotton by the majority of Western brands and retailers expressed through RSN’s Cotton Pledge, children under the age of 17 were largely excluded from the harvest. However, their teachers, doctors, parents, and older siblings were not as fortunate. With the drop in child labor, the exploitation of adults has seen an upward trend. More adults than ever were forced into the fields, with conservative estimates totaling three million.
Aside from an increase in adult field-workers, there were also rises in extortion, injuries, and death. The private citizens and business-owners who were fortunate enough to avoid field work were still forced to pay “cotton fees and taxes” to kleptocratic government officials. The bribes are deposited into shadow accounts that are kept off the books. A cargo truck crashed while transporting students to the field injuring 29, and 17 deaths related to the harvest were reported. Written details of the harvest can be found in the 2014 preliminary harvest report released by UGF and the Cotton Campaign.
It is a classic case of two steps forward, one step back. Although the most vulnerable are now out of the fields, tragedy, extortion and death continue. Companies and consumers need to continue to take a stand against this inhumane practice.