The Trafficking in Persons (TiP) report, released annually by the U.S. State Dept., has upgraded Uzbekistan from Tier 3 to Tier 2 Watch List, despite the continued widespread practice of state-orchestrated forced labor in the cotton sector. It’s a short-sighted decision that gives a free pass to the Uzbek government. Growing pressure from brands and companies that have signed the Cotton Pledge make it clear to the Uzbek government that business-as-usual cannot continue.
The TiP report also maintained Turkmenistan, another Central Asian nation where the government is complicit in forced labor in the cotton sector, at Tier 2 Watch List. The Cotton Campaign, an RSN coalition partner, has released a report condemning the Turkmenistan’s government use of forced labor: click through to read the Cotton Campaign’s report on forced labor in Turkmenistan.
With pressure from consumers, brands, and the international community, the usage of forced labor is growing in awareness by the day. But when the State Dept. whitewashes human rights abuses, our ability to pressure the Uzbek and Turkmen governments for reforms is diminished.
See the full statement from RSN and the Cotton Campaign below, or view it on the Cotton Campaign website.
Click through to see larger version of image. SOURCE: CNN
Human Trafficking: U.S. Decisions Fails Forced Labor Victims
Uzbekistan placement supports state-sponsored forced labor
Washington, DC, July 27, 2015: Today the U.S. government upgraded the Uzbek government’s ranking in its 2015 Trafficking in Persons Report despite noting that “government-compelled forced labor of adults remains endemic.” The unwarranted decision decreases pressure on the authorities in Tashkent to end forced labor, said the Cotton Campaign in a letter to Secretary of State John Kerry.
“The failure to classify Uzbekistan properly is wholly inconsistent with the well-documented evidence of its systematic human rights abuse,” said Nadejda Ataeva, president at the Association for Human Rights in Central Asia. “The U.S. effectively sent a message to Uzbek authorities that forced labor of millions of its citizens is cost-free.”
The Uzbek government continues to operate one of the largest state-orchestrated systems of forced labor in the world. Furthermore, authorities suppress any attempts by citizens to report on these abuses and continue to publicly deny the use of forced labor. In 2014, the government forced more than a million citizens to harvest cotton and farmers to grow cotton, all under threat of penalty. In only the first half of this year, the Uzbek government forced thousands of citizens to prepare cotton fields for planting, brutalized citizens attempting to document forced labor and deported an international labor expert simply for informing a legally registered human rights group about international labor conventions.
The TIP report cites a government decree reiterating its pre-existing law prohibiting child labor, fined school directors and farmers for child labor, and signed an agreement with the International Labour Organization. The report notes, however, that officials resorted to child labor “under pressure to fulfill government-decreed cotton quotas,” and forced labor is unlike human trafficking in other countries in that it is “government-compelled.” While a system of state-organized forced labor remains in place, the Uzbek government’s commitments and selective actions on child labor cannot be said to represent substantial efforts to comply with the TVPA minimum standards.
In its letter, the Cotton Campaign called on the U.S. to redouble its efforts to persuade the authorities in Tashkent to eliminate forced labor from the cotton sector. In particular, the United States should insist that the Uzbek authorities begin by instructing officials at all levels of government to refrain from using coercion to mobilize citizens to work in the cotton fields and prosecuting all officials who do; committing to an action plan to eradicate forced labor with the International Labour Organization; and permitting citizens and journalists, domestic and foreign, to report human rights violations in the cotton sector without fear of retaliation.
“The practice of forced labor in Uzbekistan has persisted for far too long and should be urgently ended,” said Umida Niyazova, director at the Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights. “This year’s report missed a crucial opportunity to end this abominable practice sooner.”
The Cotton Campaign is a global coalition of labor, human rights, investor and business organizations coalesced to end forced labor of children and adults in the cotton sector of Uzbekistan.